As I mentioned on the main page of the website, the National Blue Trail is almost 80 years old. But how was it born? It is a very interesting thing, if you have enough time, I tell you the story!



THE HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL BLUE TRAIL

Planning and execution
If you click onto the picture, it will open in bigger size.
The Basalt orgels in the side of Szent György-hegy on an old photo. The Blue Trail visit them.
If you click onto the picture, it will open in bigger size.
The Castle of Füzér in the Zemplén Mountains on an old photo. The Blue Trail visit it.

Mr. Gábor Strömpl presented his proposal about the standardised marking of the hiker paths in the former hikers magazine named Turistaság és Alpinizmus (Hiking and Alpinism) in June 1929. He was a geographer, the teacher of the Honvéd Térképészeti Intézet (Cartography Institute of Defence) and a pioneer of the Hungarian hiking. This article made big waves among the hikers, so the Magyar Turista Szövetség (Hungarian Ramblers’ Association) decided to found a committee to judge about this idea, and Mr. Strömpl was a member of that. Later, in December 1929 the Association accepted the plan of the committee about the standardisation of the different types of signs and decided to paint the standardised hikers signs in the next five-ten years. We have been using this system since this time, it isn't a simple one, but it serves with many information for the hikers! You can find a short description about the system in the General information chapter.

But Mr. Strömpl extended the plan, and presented his idea about a long distance path. According to his plan one long distance path should connect the local nets of marked paths of the different mountains and counties. This long distance path should lead along the Transdanubian Mid-Range Mountains and the Northern Mid-Range Mountains from Kőszeg town until Sátoraljaújhely town. The Hungarian Ramblers’ Association accepted this idea, similar to the standardised marking of the paths, and gave it to another committee to designate the route of this long distance path. They finished this work and handed over their proposal to the Chairmanship of the Hungarian Ramblers’ Association in May 1930.

The plan was born already, but the execution of the plan wasn’t an easy thing! For example the originally planned colour of the signs was the red, a hikers’ association was made the painting at the Balaton Lake between Tapolca and the Badacsony Mountain with this colour, but a longer section of the planned route was marked already with blue in the Cserhát Hilly Country, so the Association changed its decision, and the final colour of the new trail was the BLUE!

There were different ideas and plans about the name of the long route, but the Association postponed the decision until the finish of the painting work. The painting of the trail marking lasted until 1938. There were problems with the route because of the prohibited areas and with the connection points of the trails of the different counties, but the 80% of the route was already marked in summer 1937.

The route of the Blue Trail in 1938
The original route of the Blue Trail in 1938
The size of the downloadable map is 2781 kiloByte!


Inauguration of the Blue Trail

The Hungarian Ramblers’ Association decided to inaugurate the trail in the spring 1938 in the frame of a big hike. The name of the hike was Szent István Vándorlás (Szent István Wandering). Szent István was the first Hungarian king between 1000 and 1038. The whole country commemorated about the 900th anniversary of his death in 1938, and it was a good background to this big event. The map above shows the original route of the Blue Trail and it was published by the Association before the hike.

The painting of the signs of the Blue Trail
The painting of the signs of the Blue Trail.

The final time schedule of the hike was published in February 1938, and according to this time schedule two teams started in opposite direction from the two ends of the Blue Trail, the first team began the hike at 20th March from the Írott-kő Mountain, the another team departed one week later from the top of Tolvaj-hegy Mountain in the Zemplén Mountains. The two teams walked continuously every day and met with each other on the top of Dobogókő Mountain, close to Budapest at Pentecost. 853 hikers of 45 hikers’ organisations participated on this hike.

The Hungarian Ramblers’ Association planned to repeat this long hike in every five years, but in 1943, during the World War 2 it was postponed. The next memorial hike was organised only fifty years later, in 1988 and its name was Szent István Emléktúra (Szent István Memorial Hike), but everybody called it as Second Szent István Wandering.

The Blue Trail Movement

After the World War II the borders of Hungary were closed by the “Iron Curtain”, the hikers couldn’t visit other countries to organise hikes abroad. The leaders of the Nature Rambler Section of the Lokomotív Sport Club of Budapest looked for a new challenge for its members, which served the frequently sport activity and the participants could get to know better Hungary during its completion. So they announced the walking along the Blue Trail. The time schedule of the sport club based on the hikes along the Blue Trail in 1952 and 1953, this meant the completion of the trail between Tapolca town and the Tolvaj-hegy Mountain. The 852 km long route contained 25 sections. The participants could obtain a smaller badge after the completion of 15 sections and the “big” Blue Trail badge after 25 sections.

The first travel guide book of the National Blue Trail
The first travel guide book of the National Blue Trail

The Locomotiv Sport Club extended this movement in 1953 for all railway employee hikers and published the first Blue Trail booklet with the map sketches about the whole route of the Trail. But the interest among the non-railway employee hikers was growing continuously, so the leadership of the Locomotiv Sport Club decided to give badges for the completion of the whole Blue Trail to all organised hikers.

But at the beginning of the 60’s the Locomotiv Sport Club already wasn’t able the lead the big administration, so the organising and controlling of the National Blue Trail movement was taken over to the Hungarian Rambler's Association with regard to the big attendance. The Association extended the movement for every organised and non-organised hikers, too. The hike along the Blue Trail was very popular, and the Állami Könyvterjesztő Vállalat (National Book Distribution Company) issued the first travel guide book with coloured map attachment in 1964. Its name was: Az Országos Kék-túra útvonala mentén (Along the Route of the National Blue Trail). You can see here the map of the book.

The route of the National Blue Trail in 1964
The detailed route of the National Blue Trail in 1964
The size of the downloadable map is 4344 kiloByte!

In the 70’s the Hungarian Ramblers’ Association elongated the route of the National Blue Trail until Velem, to the small village at the foot of Írott-kő Mountain. Unfortunately the closed Austrian-Hungarian border and the “Iron Curtain” obstructed the finish of the route on the border! This time the Blue Trail was already very popular among the hikers, but the average people hadn’t a clue about this thing! But it has changed in 1979.

The hiking team. They measured the distance with that bicyle wheel.
The hiking team. They measured the distance with that bicyle wheel.
Hike on the paths of the Börzsöny Mountains. Pál Rockenbauer is the fourth in the row.
Hike on the paths of the Börzsöny Mountains. Pál Rockenbauer is the fourth in the row.
The team members and friends at campfire
The team members and friends at campfire

A well known Hungarian TV director and editor, Pál Rockenbauer decided to perform this hike during a two and a half months long continuous walk, as the leader of a small movie maker team. They made a TV series from their experiences and the Hungarian TV broadcasted it in 1980. Only the “National” Hungarian TV existed in that time, so millions of people watched the 14 episodes of the series in the TV. The Blue Trail movement became a very popular thing, more thousand people began the hiking in that time. I think, almost every Hungarian hiker has this series on video or DVD at home! The title of the series was “Másfélmillió lépés Magyarországon” (One and a Half Million Steps in Hungary).

But the story didn't finish here. Some years later Pál Rockenbauer and his small team continued the hike from the Austrian border and walked about 600 kilometres until Szekszárd town mainly on unmarked paths and dirt roads. His plan was to found a long distance path round in Hungary. They filmed their hike, but Pál Rockenbauer died before the premiere of the newer TV series. The title of this series was “Még egymillió lépés...” (Further One Million Steps...). The new hiking trail was born with the collaboration of the Hungarian Ramblers’ Association and the local hikers organisations mainly on the route of the team. The name of this path is Rockenbauer Pál Dél-dunántúli Kéktúra (South-Transdanubian Blue Trail named Rockenbauer Pál). Some years later was born the third section of the big Blue Circle: the Alföldi Kéktúra (Blue Trail of the Plain) was marked in 1996. Since that time hikers can walk around Hungary on the three sections of the Blue Circle: on the paths of National Blue Trail, South-Transdanubian Blue Trail and the Blue Trail of the Plain. But it is indisputable, the most popular section of the Blue Circle is the National Blue Trail.

According to the decision of the EWV (Europaiche Wandervereinigung) the National Blue Trail is connected to the net of European Long Distance Hiking Paths. Therefore first the section between Kőszeg town and Budapest, and since 1995 the section between Kőszeg and Sátoraljaújhely town (it is about 95% of the whole route of the Blue Tour) has been being a part of the E4 Hiking Path. A big part of the South-Transdanubian Blue Trail and the Blue Trail of the Plain is a part of the E7 Hiking Path.

Finally we would like to show two maps. The first one is the recent route of the National Blue Trail. The meandering blue stripe is my route measured by a GPS and projected on the map. The blue dots are the stamping places of the trail. I surveyed the whole route of the National Blue Trail between 2010 and 2012. The second one is a map sketch about the route of the Blue Circle with its connection points to the European net of long distance paths.

The route of the National Blue Trail in 2009
The detailed route of the National Blue Trail in 2009
The size of the downloadable map is 3517 kiloByte!


The route of the Blue Circle
The detailed route of the Blue Circle
This map is on the backside of the Sketches of Route and Validation Booklet of the South-Transdanubian Blue Trail named Rockenbauer Pál. The Magyar Természetbarát Szövetség (Hungarian Rambler's Association) issued this booklet.
The size of the downloadable map is 158 kiloByte!




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